Tokyo, the capital of Japan, is one of the largest cities of the world with a population of 12.64-million, and the biggest of the 47 prefectures throughout Japan. Its long history of prosperity started with the establishment of the “shogunate” by Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1603. At that time, Tokyo was called Edo, which by the 18th century had grown to a huge city of over a million people. It is now Japan's centre for political, economic and cultural activities.

Located geographically at about the centre of the Japanese archipelago and in the southern part of the Kanto area, Tokyo shares borders with Chiba to the east along the Edogawa River, Yamanashi to the west along a mountain range, Kanagawa in the south along the Tamagawa River, and Saitama in the north. Being 2187 km2 in area, the metropolis occupies only 0.6% of the total country, the third smallest of the 47 administrative divisions of the country.

Language Spoken

The main language spoken in Tokyo is Japanese, but English is widely understood by the younger generation.


The currency in Japan is the Yen. 1 GBP = [CCExhange base="GBP" currency="JPY"] YEN*

Time Zone

The time zone for Japan is Japan Standard Time (JST). This is GMT + 9 hours

International Dialing Codes

The country code for Japan is +81 and the city code for Tokyo is 3. Then the local number.


Tokyo has a fairly temperate climate. The seasons feature very heavily in Japanese culture and are very distinct. Summer temperatures don't go much over 32 degrees centigrade, but the humidity can be stifling. Rainy seasons lasts about one month and precedes summer starting around mid-July. Winter temperatures are around 5 to 10 degrees centigrade. A thick sweater and coat should be sufficient. Snow may fall in Tokyo once or twice a year.

Emergency Numbers

Police: 110 Ambulance: 119 Fire Department: 3212 2323

Public Transport Information

The whole of Tokyo is covered by a dense network of train, bus and metro lines, which connect the entire city. They are extremely efficient and quick. Apart from this there are also many taxis available.

Airport Code

The international airport of Tokyo is called Narita Airport. The code is NRT. The airport is located 65 km from Tokyo city centre.

And Another Thing...

The metropolis of Tokyo consists of 23 city wards, 26 cities, 5 towns and 8 villages at over 12 million people and if you include the surrounding prefectures of Saitama, Chiba and Kanagawa, comprises a staggering 33 million inhabitants, making it the most populated metropolis in the world.