Shanghai

Introduction

Shanghai is the largest city in China in terms of population and one of the largest Metropolitan areas in the world with over 20 million people. Located on China´s Central Eastern coast at the mouth of the Yangtze River, the city is administered as a municipality of the People´s Republic of China.

Originally a fishing and textile town, Shanghai grew to importance in the 19th century, mainly due to its favourable port location. Shanghai´s prosperity was interrupted after the 1949 Communist takeover and the cessation of foreign investment. Economic reforms in the early nineties, coupled with heavy investment have resulted in a development boom and Shanghai became the busiest cargo port in the world in 2005.

The city is an emerging tourist destination and a cosmopolitan centre for culture and design.

Language Spoken

Chinese, but 15 million people in Shanghai speak the dialect of Wu.

Currency

The official currency in China is the Renminbi, or Chinese Yuan. 1 GBP = [CCExhange base="GBP" currency="RMB"] RMB*

Time Zone

The time zone in Shanghai is known as CST (China Standard Time) GMT + 8 hours

International Dialing Codes

+86-21 (+ local number)

Climate

The best times to visit Shanghai are in spring or autumn. The city has a subtropical maritime monsoon climate, with four distinct seasons. Generally, the warm spring and cool autumn are the more comfortable seasons. While summer and winter are far less pleasant, overall, Shanghai enjoys a mild and moist climate.

Emergency Numbers

Police: 110 Fire: 119 Ambulance: 120

Public Transport Information

Because Shanghai has the biggest cargo port in the world, their transport facilities are the best in China. They have an extensive road and rail network which connects the city with all the major cities in China, including Hong Kong. In the city itself, there are more than 1100 bus lines operating, 4 metro lines, more than 50000 taxis and the ferries which link Pudong and Puxi.

Airport Code

Shanghai has 2 international airports. Pudong Airport (PVG), 30km from downtown Shanghai. To get from the airport to central Shanghai there is the Maglev Train, the fastest in the world and connects the airport with metro line 2. The journey time is 8 minutes. Currently they are working on metro line 2, which will link Pudong Airport with Hongqiao Airport (SHA). This airport is 13 km from downtown Shanghai. All work is expected to be done before the 2010 World Expo starts in the city.

And Another Thing...

Shanghai is also known as the ‘Paris of the East’ and the ‘Queen of the Orient’.