Hong Kong

Introduction

Hong Kong is an island at the mouth of the Pearl River, on the South Eastern coast of China and just south of the Tropic of Cancer. Its natural harbour is the reason for its importance as a trading centre in South East Asia.

Hong Kong territory consists of Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula on the mainland opposite Hong Kong Island, the New Territories (365 square miles of the mainland) and the Outlying Islands. There are 234 islands, the largest is Lantau, the site of the new airport and the smallest are little more than rocks. Hong Kong has 7 million inhabitants.

The Hong Kong population is for 95% Chinese. However because the city is a very important business centre many nationalities are found in the city. Because of its natural harbour, Hong Kong is a key port in South East Asia.

Language Spoken

The official languages in Hong Kong are Chinese (Cantonese) and English

Currency

The official currency in Hong Kong is the Hong Kong Dollar. 1 GBP = [CCExhange base="GBP" currency="HKD"] HKD*

Time Zone

HKT (Hong Kong Time) or GMT +8 hours

International Dialing Codes

+852 (+ local number)

Climate

The climate is subtropical with cool winters and hot humid summers (June to September) with occasional storms (cyclones). The terrain is hilly. Air pollution is sometimes a problem in the major towns.

Emergency Numbers

General emergency number for police, fire and ambulance: 999 Directory enquiries: 1081

Public Transport Information

Hong Kong has a large number of transport options available. Taxis are most comfortable, but to blend in with the local people it is nicer to take the ferry, the underground or the tram. Also, since Hong Kong is quite small, walking is a very good alternative.

Airport Code

The airport code for Hong Kong Chek Lap Kok Airport is HKG. The cheapest way to get from the airport to Hong Kong CBD is by MTR (Underground) train or bus. The train is the fastest option. Taxis are also available but expensive. The airport is approximately 40 km from the city.

And Another Thing...

Hong Kong is very hilly and there are outdoor escalators in the central district of the Island.